IELTS Writing Task 2 Topic:
Some people believe that there should be fixed punishments for each type of crime. Others, however, argue that the circumstances of an individual crime, and the motivation for committing it, should always be taken into account when deciding on the punishment. Discuss both views and give your opinion
Band 8.0 Sample Answer:
People have different opinions about what factors should be taken into consideration before any convictions. In my view, the judge should base their decisions on both the circumstances and motive for committing crimes.
On the one hand, I understand why some people insist on fixed punishments for different kinds oflaw violation. Firstly, they think it symbolizes a society of justice and equity where criminals of the same type are condemned equally. Secondly, who fail to comply with the law could act as an effective deterrent against offenses. Felons, for example, are dangerous members of society and need to be punished according to their heinous actions. And if they knew they could convince the judges and jury to his sentence by one way or another, fairness would not be guaranteed.
On the other hand, I would argue that the motive and circumstance of any illegalities should be contemplated closely. It reflects humanity existing in parallel with every decision of conviction. Certainly manslaughter in self-defense could not possibly be compared with apremeditated murder. In other words, the circumstance in which the crime is carried out has to be on the list of consideration. Additionally, the judge could decide the best objective response to a case based on many perspectives. For example, a man who steals money to feed his family should be exempted from sentences.
In conclusion, I would side with people who think not having fixed punishments is better, although treating lawbreakers equally might be legitimate to some extent.
(255 words) – Band 8.0